科学研究
Foot-and-mouth disease virus structural protein VP3 degrades Janus kinase 1 to inhibit IFN-γ signal transduction pathways.
编辑:www.4001.com  发布时间:2016-10-21  来源:  阅读次数:
Cell Cycle.  2016;15(6):850-60. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2016.1151584.

Foot-and-mouth disease virus structural protein VP3 degrades Janus kinase 1 to inhibit IFN-γ signal transduction pathways.

Li D 1,  Wei J 2,  Yang F 1,  Liu HN 1,  Zhu ZX 1,  Cao WJ 1,  Li S 2,  Liu XT 1,  Zheng HX 1,  Shu HB 2.

Author information

  • 1a State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Foot and Mouth Diseases Reference Laboratory, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Lanzhou , China.
  • 2b Collaborative Innovation Center for Viral Immunology, Medical Research Institute, Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.

Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals that is caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). To replicate efficiently in vivo, FMDV has evolved methods to circumvent host antiviral defense mechanisms, including those induced by interferons (IFNs). Previous research has focused on the effect of FMDV L(pro) and 3C(pro) on type I IFNs. In this study, FMDV VP3 was found to inhibit type II IFN signaling pathways. The overexpression of FMDV VP3 inhibited the IFN-γ-triggered phosphorylation of STAT1 at Tyr701 and the subsequent expression of downstream genes. Mechanistically, FMDV VP3 interacted with JAK1/2 and inhibited the tyrosine phosphorylation, dimerization and nuclear accumulation of STAT1. FMDV VP3 also disrupted the assembly of the JAK1 complex and degraded JAK1 but not JAK2 via a lysosomal pathway. Taken together, the results reveal a novel mechanism used by which FMDV VP3 counteracts the type II IFN signaling pathways.

KEYWORDS:

Foot-and-mouth disease virus; IFN-γ; janus kinase 1; signaling pathway; structural protein VP3

PMID:  
26901336  
PMCID:  
PMC4845950
 [Available on 2017-02-22]  
DOI:  
10.1080/15384101.2016.1151584

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