科学研究
MSX1 Modulates RLR-Mediated Innate Antiviral Signaling by Facilitating Assembly of TBK1-Associated Complexes.
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J Immunol.  2016 Jul 1;197(1):199-207. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1600039. Epub 2016 May 18.

MSX1 Modulates RLR-Mediated Innate Antiviral Signaling by Facilitating Assembly of TBK1-Associated Complexes.

Chen LT 1,  Hu MM 1,  Xu ZS 1,  Liu Y 1,  Shu HB 2.

Author information

  • 1College of Life Sciences, Medical Research Institute, Collaborative Innovation Center for Viral Immunology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China.
  • 2College of Life Sciences, Medical Research Institute, Collaborative Innovation Center for Viral Immunology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China shuh@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Recognition of viral dsRNA by the retinoic acid-inducible gene-1-like receptors (RLRs) triggers signaling cascades that lead to activation of the TBK1 kinase and transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 3, induction of downstream antiviral genes, and innate antiviral responses. In this study, we identified muscle segment homeobox1 (MSX1) as an important modulator of RLR-mediated signaling pathways. Knockdown or knockout of MSX1 significantly impaired Sendai virus-triggered activation of TBK1 and IFN regulatory factor 3, induction of downstream antiviral genes, and cellular antiviral responses. Interestingly, MSX1 was translocated from the nucleus to cytoplasm, particularly mitochondria upon infection of Sendai virus. Biochemcially, MSX1 was important for assembly of TBK1/IKK-related kinase-associated protein 1/TNFR-associated factor-associated NF-κB activator complexes. Our results suggest that MSX1 is an important component of RLR-mediated signaling and reveal mechanisms on innate immune responses against RNA viruses.

PMID:  
27194789  
DOI:  
10.4049/jimmunol.1600039

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