Parafibromin Is a Component of IFN-γ-Triggered Signaling Pathways That Facilitates JAK1/2-Mediated Tyrosine Phosphorylation of STAT1
Author:  Date:2015-11-28  Clicks:
J Immunol.2015 Sep 15;195(6):2870-8. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1501111. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

Parafibromin Is a Componentof IFN-γ-Triggered Signaling Pathways That FacilitatesJAK1/2-Mediated Tyrosine Phosphorylation of STAT1.

Wei J 1, Lian H 1, Zhong B 1, Shu HB 2.

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Abstract

IFN-γ (also known as type II IFN) is a cytokine that is critically involved in antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. IFN-γ activates JAK1 and JAK2, which lead to thephosphorylationand activation of the transcription factorSTAT1. Whether and how additional molecules are involved in the process are not fully clear. In this study, we identified parafibromin as an important componentof the IFN-γ-triggered signaling pathways. Overexpression of parafibromin promoted IFN-γ-triggered phosphorylation ofSTAT1at Tyr(701), subsequent expression of downstream genes, and cellular antiviral response, whereas knockdown of parafibrominhad opposite effects.Parafibromin interacted withJAK1/2, promoted the interactions ofJAK1-JAK2 andJAK1/2-STAT1, and promoted tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 by JAKs after IFN-γ stimulation. Our results reveal a previously uncharacterized role of parafibromin in mediating IFN-γ-triggered signaling and cellular effects.

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