WDFY1 mediates TLR3/4 signaling by recruiting TRIF
Author:  Date:2015-11-23  Clicks:

EMBO Rep.2015 Apr;16(4):447-55. doi: 10.15252/embr.201439637. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

WDFY1 mediates TLR3/4 signaling by recruiting TRIF.

Hu YH 1, Zhang Y 1, Jiang LQ 1, Wang S 1, Lei CQ 1, Sun MS 1, Shu HB 1, Liu Y 2.

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Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors that sense a variety of pathogens, initiate innate immune responses, and direct adaptive immunity. All TLRs exceptTLR3recruit the adaptor MyD88 to ultimately elicit inflammatory gene expression, whereasTLR3and internalized TLR4 use TIR-domain-containing adaptorTRIFfor the induction of type I interferon and inflammatory cytokines. Here, we identify the WD repeat and FYVE-domain-containing proteinWDFY1as a crucial adaptor protein in theTLR3/4signalingpathway. Overexpression ofWDFY1potentiatesTLR3- and TLR4-mediated activation of NF-κB, interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), and production of type I interferons and inflammatory cytokines.WDFY1depletion has the opposite effect.WDFY1interacts withTLR3and TLR4 andmediatesthe recruitment ofTRIFto these receptors. Our findings suggest a crucial role forWDFY1in bridging the TLR-TRIFinteraction, which is necessary for TLRsignaling.

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