Stabilization of Notch1 by the Hsp90 Chaperone is Crucial for T-Cell Leukemogenesis.
Author:  Date:2017-07-15  Clicks:

Clin Cancer Res.2017 Jul 15;23(14):3834-3846. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-2880. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Stabilization of Notch1 by the Hsp90 Chaperone is Crucial for T-Cell Leukemogenesis.

Wang Z1,2,3,Hu Y3,Xiao D2,Wang J2,Liu C3,Xu Y4,Shi X4,Jiang P5,Huang L6,Li P7,Liu H1,2,Qing G8,2.

Abstract

Purpose:Notch1deregulation is assuming a focal role in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Despite tremendous advances in our understanding of Notch1 transcriptional programs, the mechanisms by which Notch1 stability and turnover are regulated remain obscure. The goal of the current study is to identify intracellular Notch1 (ICN1, the activated form of Notch1) binding partner(s) regulating its stability and activity.Experimental Design:We employed immunoaffinity purification to identify ICN1-associating partner(s) and used coimmunoprecipitation to verify the endogenous protein interaction. Pharmacologic or short hairpin RNA-mediated inhibition was applied in loss-of-function assays to assess the role of tentative binding partner(s) in modulating ICN1 protein stability as well as affecting T-ALL cell expansionin vitroandin vivoMechanistic analysis involved protein degradation and polyubiquitination assays.Results:We identify the Hsp90 chaperone as a direct ICN1-binding partner essential for its stabilization and transcriptional activity. T-ALL cells exhibit constitutive endogenous ICN1-Hsp90 interaction and Hsp90 depletion markedly decreases ICN1 levels. The Hsp90-associated E3 ubiquitin ligase Stub1 mediates the ensuring proteasome-dependent ICN1 degradation. Administration of 17-AAG or PU-H71, two distinct Hsp90 inhibitors, depletes ICN1, inhibits T-ALL cell proliferation, and triggers dramatic apoptotic cell death. Systemic treatment with PU-H71 reduces ICN1 expression and profoundly inhibits murine T-ALL allografts as well as human T-ALL xenografts.Conclusions:Our findings demonstrate Hsp90 blockade leads to ICN1 destabilization, providing an alternative strategy to antagonize oncogenic Notch1 signaling with Hsp90-selective inhibitors.Clin Cancer Res; 23(14); 3834-46. ?2017 AACR.


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